Thread: Kinsman of the Sun

  1. #1

    Kinsman of the Sun

    Why was the Buddha called "Kinsman of the Sun" does anyone know?

    Here's a example in sn 4.14 Tuvaṭaka Sutta:

  2. #2
    Forums Member ancientbuddhism's Avatar
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    Aug 2011
    From the Dictionary of Pali Proper Names - by G. P. Malalasekera:

    1. Ādiccabandhu.-An often-used epithet of the Buddha (E.g., D.iii.197; Sn.v.1128; Thag. 26, 158, 417, etc.). The Vimanavatthu Commentary (p.116) says that Ādicca (the Sun) belonged to the Gotamagotta, as did also the Buddha, hence his epithet Ādiccabandhu; other explanations are given in the same context: the Buddha is born in the same ariyā jāti and is the descendant of the Sun (tam paticca tassa ariyāya jātiya jātattā), or the Sun is the Buddha's kinsman because the Sun is the Buddha's orasaputta (breast-born son) inasmuch as the Sun is the Buddha's disciple. It is in this sense that in the Samyutta Nikāya (S.i.57) the Buddha speaks of the sun as "mama pajā," which Buddhaghosa (SA.i.86) explains as meaning disciple and spiritual son.
    Ādicca is described as tapatam mukham (chief of heat-producing things). MA.ii.783.

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    Thanks ancientbuddhism.

    I couldn't find anything else which is connected to the sun and the Buddha other than Suriya Sutta:

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    Forums Member manoPG's Avatar
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    Feb 2019
    The Shakyas were a tribe of Indo-Iranians who practiced cousin-marriage and established a spartan-like republic at the Nepalese foothills of the Himalayas.

    They were considered descendants of the solar deity.

    The Shakyas are mentioned in later Buddhist texts as well including the Mahāvastu (c. late 2nd century BCE), Mahāvaṃsa and Sumaṅgalavilāsinī (c. 5th century CE), mostly in the accounts of the birth of the Buddha, as a part of the Adichchabandhus (kinsmen of the sun)[4] or the Ādichchas and as descendants of the legendary king Ikshvaku.

    There lived once upon a time a king of the Śākya, a scion of the solar race, whose name was Suddhodana. He was pure in conduct, and beloved of the Śākya like the autumn moon. He had a wife, splendid, beautiful, and steadfast, who was called the Great Maya, from her resemblance to Maya the Goddess.

    — Buddhacarita of Aśvaghoṣa, I.1–2

    We can see from the Suttanta the number of martial analogies that betray a world of martial exercise: bows, arrows, chariots, chariot wheels, taming wild horses, conquering opponents (and self), battles, etc.

    Here are some more solar motiffs from the opening chapter of the Buddhacarita:

    11. The Bodhisattva was just like that, born from the right side. When
    in due course he had issued from the womb, his light shone everywhere.
    12. As if he had fallen down from the sky, he did not pass through the
    portal of birth. Having cultivated virtue for countless eons, he was born fully
    conscious, without any confusion.
    13. Established and immovable in the truth, his brightness was quite
    majestic. With luster he appeared from the womb, like the sun that was just

    14. While observing his utter brilliance one’s sight remained uninjured.
    Even though one looked at him, his light did not blind one, as when observing
    the moon in the sky.
    15. The light of his person was shining, just like the sun outshining the
    light of a lamp. In the same way the Bodhisattva’s body of true gold was
    shining all around.
    Last edited by manoPG; 13 Feb 19 at 13:25.

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