I came across this article on the website of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology in the USA :



BUDDHIST MEDICINE


By: Stephen Lang

The Asian Section is happy to host a guest blog post by C. Pierce Salguero, Assistant Professor of Asian History and Religious Studies at Penn State University’s Abington College. He is the author of Translating Buddhist Medicine in Medieval China, published by Penn Press in 2014.

(Photo selection and captions by Stephen Lang)

MEDICINE IN EARLY BUDDHISM

by C. Pierce Salguero

Knowledge about healing and disease has held a central place within Buddhist thought since the earliest times. Taken collectively, Buddhist perspectives on health, disease, healers, patients, therapies, and bodies are often spoken of by scholars and devotees as “Buddhist medicine.” Over the course of the first millennium CE, Buddhist medicine (if we can borrow that term) spread alongside Buddhism as far as Iran, Mongolia, Japan, and Indonesia. Today, it is the foundation of traditional medicine in Tibet, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and other parts of Asia and has become the object of scientific study under the rubrics of “mindfulness” and “meditation.” At the same time that Buddhist medicine has become a transnational tradition, it has always been reinterpreted locally through the lenses of the many different cultures that have adopted it.

Although never its primary concern, the Pāli Buddhist Canon (first written down in first century BCE Sri Lanka) contains a great amount of material pertinent to the history of Indian medicine.


Continued at the link


Comments welcome, if you've read all of the article first.